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Courbaud, B., Lafond, V., Lagarrigues, G., Vieilledent, G., Cordonnier, T., Jabot, F., De Coligny, F. (2015): Applying ecological model evaludation: lessons learned with the forest dynamics model Samsara2, Ecological Modelling, 314, 1-14

De Keersmaecker, W., Lhermitte, S., Honnay, O., Farifteh, J., Somers, B., Coppin, P. (2014): How to measure ecosystem stability? An evaluation of the reliability of stability metrics based on remote sensing time series across the major global ecosystems, Global Change Biology, 20, 2149-21161

De Keersmaecker, W., Lhermitte, S., Tits, L., Honnay, O., Somers, B., Coppin, P. (2015a): A model quantifying vegetation resistance and resilience against climate anomalies and their relation with vegetation cover, Global Ecology & Biogeography, 24, 539-548

De Keersmaecker, W., Lhermitte, S., Tits, L., Honnay, O., Somers, B., Coppin, P. (2015b): Resilience and the reliability of spectral entropy to assess ecosystem stability, Global Change Biology.

Lexer, M. J., Hönninger, K. (2001): A modified 3D-patch model for spatially explicit simulation of vegetation composition in heterogeneous landscapes, Forest Ecology and Management, 144, 43-65.

Reyer, C.P.O., Brouwers, N., Rammig, A., Brook, B.W., Epila, J., Grant, R.F., Holmgren, M., Langerwisch, F., Leuzinger, S., Lucht, W., Medlyn, B., Pfeifer, M., Steinkamp, J., Vanderwel, M.C., Verbeeck, H., Villela, D.M., (2015): Forest resilience and tipping points at different spatio-temporal scales: approaches and challenges, Journal of Ecology, 103, 5–15

Reyer, C.P.O., Rammig, A., Brouwers, N., Langerwisch, F. (2015): Forest resilience, tipping points and global change processes, Journal of Ecology, 103, 1–4.

Seidl, R., Rammer, W., Scheller, R.M., Spies, T.A. (2012): An individual-based process model to simulate landscape-scale forest ecosystem dynamics, Ecological Modelling, 231, 87-100.

Seidl, R., Spies, T.A., Peterson, D.L., Stephens, S.L., Hicke, J.A. (2016): REVIEW: Searching for resilience: addressing the impacts of changing disturbance regimes on forest ecosystem services, Journal of Applied Ecology, 53, 120–129.


4C model




Photos and images credits:

Gregory Loucougaray, Wanda De Keermaeker, Rupert Seidl, Philippe Deuffic, Rachel Barrier, Sophie Labonne, and Nicole Sardat